The newest Netflix phenomenon is little question the docuseries “Cheer,” which follows Navarro Faculty’s aggressive cheer squad on its quest to win a nationwide championship in Daytona Seashore, Florida.
As “Cheer” exhibits, there are numerous bodily and psychological advantages to cheerleading, however there’s additionally critical potential for drawbacks.
HuffPost spoke with specialists to seek out out what precisely occurs to your physique and thoughts if you take part within the sport of cheerleading. Learn on for the professionals and the cons.
You develop into stronger and extra versatile
“Bodily, cheerleaders are robust and versatile, as they mix components of dance and gymnastics,” stated Lauren Hennessy, proprietor and director of MVP Mentality Sports activities Psychology in Boca Raton, Florida. “Moreover, they require a substantial amount of stamina to carry out. … Cheerleaders might not at all times get the credit score they deserve as athletes ― the game requires a substantial amount of bodily and psychological energy, and bravado.”
Certainly, cheerleaders prepare their our bodies to flip and twist, and mix these components for stunts and routines. Via their coaching, they develop into extra versatile and domesticate muscle reminiscence.
Competitions just like the championship proven in “Cheer” require intense coaching to grasp troublesome routines. However Marc Lochbaum, a professor of kinesiology at Texas Tech College, famous that soccer recreation days may also be significantly demanding.
“I can’t consider a sport that has such an infinite number of bodily calls for in an prolonged interval,” he stated. “You’ve obtained cardiovascular train for these lengthy soccer video games, however then additionally high-intensity interval coaching with the stunts. The excessive flyers must be so prepared, and those who do the holding are fairly darn robust. Cheerleaders are in unimaginable form.”
Your thoughts additionally will get stronger
Via their coaching, cheerleaders strengthen not solely their our bodies but in addition their brains.
“Just like any elite ability coaching, cheerleading can strengthen essential neural pathways in our mind,” stated Chelsea Pierotti, a psychological efficiency coach for dancers and an teacher within the division of psychology and neuroscience on the College of Colorado Boulder. “The mind’s neuroplasticity is its potential to vary and adapt to the environment. Any time we prepare in an elite sport, of which cheerleading definitely qualifies, we are going to see modifications within the mind at a neurological degree which influence the psychological toughness of those athletes.”
Hennessy famous that cheerleading presents many cognitive and emotional advantages, as athletes are likely to have “extremely fine-tuned” brains in comparison with nonathletes.
“Research have discovered that athletes are higher in a position to make split-second selections, have higher focus and focus for longer durations of time, higher recollections, and they’re higher in a position to predict outcomes,” she stated.
You’re feeling a way of social connectedness
“There’s a social facet of the game that permits cheerleaders to really feel linked with their teammates. Social connectedness in sports activities might help athletes cope with in-sport and out-of-sport stressors, enhance motivation and enhance interpersonal relationships,” Hennessy stated.
In “Cheer,” the athletes usually describe their workforce as a household and share how cheerleading saved them from poisonous life circumstances. Having a social assist system that seems like a household may be very wholesome and good for private growth. However issues can get a bit of harmful when taken to the acute.
“I believe an enormous deal in cheerleading is that this notion of identification, this sense of ‘I’m a part of the workforce, I’m a cheerleader, that is what I do.’ In ‘Cheer,’ what number of instances did you hear one thing like, ‘If it weren’t for this workforce, who is aware of the place I’d be?’” stated Daniel Czech, a professor of kinesiology at Georgia Southern College. “Psychologically, you’ve obtained to be aware of that a bit of bit as a result of it might result in unhealthy habits out of desperation to stay a part of that group which types your identification.”
You enhance your danger of great harm
This one is clear, however essential to focus on. You’re at a serious danger for extreme points like head trauma and damaged bones if you cheer. That’s why it’s completely important to have docs and trainers concerned within the course of.
“Cheerleading is a sport that mixes excessive ranges athleticism with vital danger, particularly within the space of aggressive cheerleading the place the stunts are rising more and more extra artistic and difficult,” Hennessy stated.
The accidents could also be much more vital in cheerleading than in different sports activities due to the character of the stunts and want for immense belief in your self and your teammates.
“Hesitations and concern might end in a cheerleader not doing a ability the best way they have been skilled and will enhance the potential for harm,” Hennessy added.
The identification challenge that Czech noticed may also play into the harm danger.
“Once you put your identification into your function as a cheerleader and assume cheerleading is the one factor that may aid you develop as an individual, there’s a motivation to take part via ache and do belongings you wouldn’t usually do,” he stated. “You possibly can have concussions, ligament accidents, bone breaks, all that sort of stuff, but it surely’s nearly like a badge of honor. When you had a more healthy self-concept, you assume twice about repeating the stunt that induced the harm.”
Your physique will get exhausted extra simply
Cheerleading, particularly in a university setting, may be completely draining. Throughout sure sports activities seasons, cheerleaders are continually going to video games, on high of coaching through the week. They don’t get a lot of an low season in comparison with different athletes. And whereas soccer and basketball gamers get a while on the bench, cheerleaders must be “on” far more constantly.
“We’ve collected information at soccer video games all through the day, and it confirmed that the period of time cheerleaders spent in reasonable to vigorous bodily exercise was the cardiovascular equal of working a marathon or extra,” Lochbaum stated. “It is sensible as a result of the sport day is so lengthy ― about six hours from the pregame pleasure all the best way to the top with out a whole lot of breaks.”
Lochbaum additionally famous that dehydration is a danger on lengthy recreation days, and that there’s a way of emotional exhaustion as properly with the ups and downs of the motion. The fatigue could make it more durable to maintain up with the calls for of college and result in poorer efficiency. It will increase the danger of harm as properly.
“It’s simply the total expertise of bodily and emotional outlay,” he stated. “Think about working a marathon, plus having that emotional expertise of the sport, plus exercises through the week, after which having to be a pupil and take a math take a look at.”
Your shallowness can plummet
The psychological and emotional results of the game look completely different in several cheerleaders and sometimes rely upon the coach’s method. In lots of instances, cheerleading is brutal on the athlete’s shallowness and mindset.
“When coaches and/or mother and father and friends give attention to the bodily picture of a cheerleader, or the shortcoming to hit a ability for instance, it’s devastating to an athlete’s shallowness,” Pierotti stated. “As a coach, every part you say turns into their internal voice. So if a cheerleader constantly hears that she doesn’t look proper, or he isn’t robust sufficient, that would be the message they begin saying to themselves.”
Adverse messages from coaches, mother and father and teammates can foster unfavourable self-talk in cheerleaders who might develop degrading private mantras, lack of motivation, decreased ability degree and even psychological well being issues like extreme melancholy and anxiousness.
“The physique picture challenge is a serious one, particularly with the outfits cheerleaders put on and so forth” Czech stated. “The psychology behind that may be very detrimental and may trigger consuming issues, train dependancy and different unfavourable issues.”
However it might additionally soar
Then again, cheerleaders can develop constructive self-talk and a wholesome development mindset in the event that they hear constructive messages about effort, development, persistence, progress and belonging. These good messages can change pathways within the mind and in flip, enhance shallowness and even athletic efficiency.
“Let’s take Morgan for instance from Navarro Cheer. At first, she is an alternate and never on the mat. However take note of what Coach [Monica] Aldama and Morgan’s teammates maintain saying to her,” Pierotti stated. “Coach communicates how a lot she believes in Morgan, even when Morgan isn’t so positive herself. Her teammates, particularly Jerry, as a result of he’s Jerry, yell positivity onto the mat and inform Morgan she’s adequate to do the talents requested of her.”
“Now it’s doubtless Morgan got here onto the workforce with a development mindset due to her personal character, historical past and want for excellence, however the workforce helped encourage it,” she continued. “Even via ache and challenges, Morgan doesn’t stop. The trademark of somebody with a development mindset is that they consider effort is at all times value it and arduous work breeds expertise.”
Certainly, there’s a pleasure and confidence enhance in setting a objective to do a selected stunt after which reaching it via arduous work and perseverance. And naturally, bodily actions like leaping round can launch mind chemical compounds that promote emotions of happiness. The rise in confidence and shallowness usually additionally prolong past the sports activities context.
“Athletes can discover success in lots of areas of their life as they discover success of their sport,” Hennessy stated. “They internalize a way of mastery and management, which might help to navigate varied conditions with much less anxiousness.”
Pierotti believes the finale of “Cheer” captures the ability of esteem-boosting development mindsets.
“When the workforce takes the mat for finals in Daytona, think about what it’s wish to be backstage ready in your workforce to be referred to as to the ground. What could be going via your thoughts? For a lot of athletes it’s a sense of panic and concern,” she defined. “You’ve skilled for months for 2 minutes on the ground. You get one likelihood. That feeling of panic carries with them on the ground and they’re prone to underperform, or downright choke.”
However groups like Navarro that encourage a development mindset and give attention to psychological preparation for competitors can higher deal with the extraordinary strain of the second.
“That is what sports activities like elite cheerleading can do for us mentally,” she stated. “With good teaching and the fitting tradition, athletes study to persevere when there’s a problem, work collectively for a typical objective, and consider in their very own potential to study and obtain.”